What was formerly known as a rehabilitation center, three-bedroom house, transitional home or residence for sober people is now included under the heading of recovery residence. When social reintegration centers serve people who are released from prison, they are generally referred to as “residential reentry centers” (RRC). Social reintegration centers that serve people who are not criminals are often referred to as “homes for sober people” (SLH) to avoid stigma. Therefore, ultimately, the cost greater than philosophy can lead to a growing population of residential community treatment centers and correctional programs as alternatives to incarceration and as the centers of community correctional centers.
A judge or prosecutor can decide a direct sentence to a social reintegration center instead of a prison sentence. In addition to serving as a residence, social reintegration centers provide social, medical, psychiatric, educational and other similar services. The state placement of former offenders in a social reintegration center after a prison sentence can be decided as part of the judge's sentence or on the recommendation of a prison official. Generally, a BOP community prison manager will recommend that an inmate be placed in a social reintegration center.
A social reintegration center is an institute in which people with criminal records or problems related to substance use learn (or re-learn) the skills needed to reintegrate into society and to better support and care for themselves. The shift towards a philosophy of more punitive punishment from the 1980s to the end of the 20th century was manifested in specific and mandatory minimum sentences. A social reintegration center has an active rehabilitation treatment program that takes place around the clock, in which residents receive intensive individual and group counseling about their substance abuse while establishing a support network to cope with sobriety, obtain a new job and find a new home. Despite these advances, a conservative “tough on crime” philosophy prevailed in the American political landscape; California, for example, tried to overcome the dilemma by erecting more than 20 new prisons in the last decades of the 20th century.
In criminology, it is generally considered that the purpose of a social reintegration center is to allow people to begin the process of reintegration into society, while still providing monitoring and support. The area is designated in a FIRM or other flood map adopted as determined in Article 3, Section B, of this ordinance, as Zone VE. In the 1980s, regardless of the early release (before probation) or post-release (probation) function of the social reintegration center, they were still community residential programs that provided structure and services to offenders. They are called transition centers because they are halfway between completely independent living and inpatient or prison centers, where residents have very restricted their behavior and freedoms.
Social reintegration centers often require residents to respect curfews, maintain facilities by performing household chores, and attend home meetings. Rising crime rates, combined with conservative politics and a new punitive philosophy, led to a new era of crime control.